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Greenberg v. Miami Children's Hospital Research Institute

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Title: Greenberg v. Miami Children's Hospital Research Institute  
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Language: English
Subject: Aruna Shanbaug case, United States district court cases, Moore v. Regents of the University of California, Albert Stevens, Jack Kevorkian
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Greenberg v. Miami Children's Hospital Research Institute

Greenberg v. Miami Children's Hospital Research Institute was a May 29, 2003, decision by the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida which ruled that individuals do not own their tissue samples when researchers take them for testing.


The plaintiffs in this case were a group of parents of children who had [1] The parents provided their children's tissue for research on the disease and the non-profit groups aided in the identification of other affected families.[1] The defendant was Reuben Matalon, who received these tissue samples and used them to isolate and patent the Canavan gene sequence.[1] He subsequently developed a genetic screening test for it and began claiming royalties whenever the test was used.[1] The Miami facilities where he did his research, including Miami Children's Hospital, were also defendants.[1]


The court dismissed the plaintiffs' claims that the defendants did not provide informed consent, conducted a breach of fiduciary duties, concealed the patent, and misappropriated trade secrets.[1] The court did uphold the plaintiffs' claim of unjust enrichment at the expense of the donors of tissue, writing that "the facts paint a picture of a continuing research collaboration that involved plaintiffs also investing time and significant resources."[1]


The case set a precedent for determining ownership of donated tissue samples.[2][3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g United States District Court, S. D. F. (2003). "Greenberg v. Miami Children's Hospital Research Institute". West's federal supplement 264: 1064–1078.  
  2. ^ Evans, Paula C. (3 October 2006). "Patent Rights in Biological Material". Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Waxman, J. Mark (1 December 2007). "Who Owns My Tissue?". Retrieved 25 November 2011. 

External links

  • Canavan Foundation's press release
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